Friday, May 17, 2024

Day against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia

 Thursday16th May 2024 at 8:11 PM

UN Women issued a statement on this International Day

"No one left behind: equality, freedom and justice for all"

Courtesy> International Trade Union Confederation

The theme of this year’s International Day against Homophobia, Biphobia and Transphobia, ‘Leave No One Behind Equality, Freedom, and Justice for All’, underscores the urgent need to address the persistent discrimination, violence, and marginalization faced by lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, intersex, and queer (LGBTIQ+) persons worldwide.

Almost a decade after the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development made ‘Leave No One Behind’ a defining principle of our collective actions for positive change, we see welcome progress. As of late 2023, more than 100 countries had taken proactive measures to safeguard the rights of LGBTIQ+ persons. Legal reforms in 35 UN Member States have ushered in full marriage equality for same-sex couples. In 43 UN Member States, discrimination is prohibited on the grounds of sexual orientation, gender identity or sex characteristics.

However, ongoing persecution against LGBTIQ+ people continues at alarming levels in many countries. Anti-homosexuality trends continue to be seen in many countries, as well as explicit criminalization of same-sex relations. There has also been a wave of legislative efforts to restrict the rights of transgender people, and the ascent of ‘anti-propaganda’ laws. Only 37 Member States formally grant asylum to persons who have experienced discrimination based on sexual orientation, gender identity, gender expression or sex characteristics. Moreover, in crises, marginalized groups including LGBTIQ+ groups tend to experience the worst impacts of those crises and yet are routinely denied much-needed tailored assistance.  

2024 is the biggest electoral year in history–posing a unique opportunity to demand accountability from decision makers and power holders, to dismantle oppressive systems, to promote legislative reforms and inclusive policies that protect rights, to promote and protect the inclusion, participation, and leadership of LGBTIQ+ persons in the democratic process as the only path to achieve equality, freedom, and justice for all.

As we commemorate this day, UN Women urges all stakeholders to foster intersectional alliances and act in solidarity with other critical movements to help drive our common goal of realizing equality, justice, and freedom for all.

Concerning the title of the day, UN Women underscores the implicit centrality of persons with diverse sex characteristics.

Thursday, February 22, 2024

"Anemia a major issue among women and children"

Dr Pankaj Malhotra explained the issue during a public lecture on ‘Rice Fortification’

Chandigarh: 22nd February 2024: (Karthika Kalyani Singh//The Women Screen Desk)::

A Public lecture on ‘Rice Fortification’ was organized under the Technical Support Unit by the Department of Hematology at the Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research, Chandigarh in collaboration with United Nations World Food Program (WFP) on 20th February, 2024.

Dr. Reena Das, Prof and Head, Department of Hematology, PGIMER, Chandigarh welcomed the guest and participants. The Chief Guest was Dr. Anita Kharab, Joint Director, Department of Food, Civil Supplies and Consumer Affairs, Government of Haryana. The Guest of Honor was Dr. Sunidhi Karol, Program Officer under Anemia Programme and Nodal Officer for Aspirational District, Government of Haryana. Dr. Sunidhi highlighted the increasing prevalence of anemia among the women and children and all the programs by the GoI under the safety net programs. Dr. Shariqua Yunus, Head of Unit & Programme Officer (Health and Nutrition), World Food Programme for gave a lecture on Fortification of Rice in India. 

She mentioned that fortification is only the way to combat anemia and micronutrient deficiencies. Dr. Reena Das elaborated that this academic public lecture is their first Social and Behaviour Change Communication (SBCC) activity on Rice Fortification which aims to make our medical fraternity aware as well as to involve and engage them in community awareness activities. 

This initiative is for tackling micronutrient deficiencies and anemia in the vulnerable populations since anemia falls under the severe public health problem. She also discussed the safety of iron fortified rice among Patients with Hemoglobinopathies. Ms. Prepsa Saini, Senior Programme Associate from WFP gave a presentation on the importance of the steps of preparation of the fortified rice kernals and the Status of Haryana Fortification of Rice – Myths & Misconceptions in India. 

Dr Pankaj Malhotra, Head of Department of Clinical Hematology and Medical Oncology from PGIMER told the participants that anemia is a major issue especially among women and children. He mentioned that it is necessary to get your hemoglobin checked regularly and take the appropriate therapy so that morbidity can be reduced. 

The program was concluded by a vote of thanks on behalf of the department and institute by Dr. Praveen Sharma, Assistant Professor, Department of Hematology, PGIMER, Chandigarh.

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Sunday, February 11, 2024

Remembering Rani Chennamma of Kitturu

 16-August-2016 15:41 IST//Heroes of Freedom Struggle - 11

Dr Nanditha Krishna* on Brave Queen Rani Chennamma

By Suma - Flickr: Kittur Chenamma, CC BY-SA 2.0, commons.wikimedia.org

Chennai11th February 2024 (PIB Special Service and Features)

Courtesy Photo
It is a little known fact that most of the revolts against British began in South India. Puli Thevar and Veerapandi Kattaboman, Palayakkarars (Poligars) of the mid- and late eighteenth centuries in Madras Presidency; the Marudu Pandyan brothers who revolted between 1799 and 1801; the Vellore Sepoy mutiny of 1806; and the revolt of Pazassi Raja of Kottayam in Kerala (1792 to 1805), are but a few examples of pre-1857 revolts. All the mutineers were ruthlessly killed – hanged, decapitated, or blown from canons - but they refused to apologise and get reinstated under British rule. There was great dissatisfaction in South India where the British were arbitrarily annexing lands and destroying flourishing local economies – textile, metallurgy and agriculture, among others – to be supplanted by revenue-generating transportation of local resources to the United Kingdom for boosting the British economy.

Rani Chennamma, the queen of Kitturu was one such warrior who led a war against British forces in early part of 19th Century when not many rulers were familiar with the evil designs of the British. She was the first Indian ruler to lead an armed rebellion against the British East India Company. She was outnumbered and arrested, but she is still remembered for leading the revolt against British rule in India.

Chennamma was born in Kakati, a small village in today’s Belagavi district of Karnataka. She became queen of Kitturu (now in Karnataka) when she married Raja Mallasarja of the Desai family. They had one son who died in 1824. After the death of her son, she adopted another child, Shivalingappa, and made him heir to the throne. However, the British East India Company did not accept this under the Doctrine of Lapse, a policy of annexation devised by the British East India Company.

According to the doctrine, any princely state or territory under the paramountcy (direct influence) of the British East India Company as a “vassal” under the British subsidiary system, would automatically be annexed if the ruler was either "manifestly incompetent or died without a male heir". This Doctrine rejected the long-established right of an Indian ruler without an heir to choose a successor. The doctrine was regarded by Indians as illegitimate. It was an arbitrary policy which snatched away kingdoms when there was no direct heir. The princely state of Kitturu was taken over by the British East India Company in 1824 by imposing the 'doctrine of lapse', even before it was officially articulated by Lord Dalhousie, Governor General for the British East India Company, between 1848 and 1856. It was probably the first instance of its application. Lord Dalhousie merely made it official in 1848 by documenting it officially. Dalhousie's annexations and the doctrine of lapse caused great anger among the ruling princes in India, making it one of the causes of the Indian Mutiny of 1857.

The British ordered Rani Chennamma to exile the adopted child Shivalingappa, using the policy of paramountcy and complete authority. But Chennamma defied the order. Rani Chennamma sent a letter to Lord Elphinstone, Lieutenant-Governor of Bombay Presidency, to plead the cause of Kitturu, but her request was turned down, and war broke out. The British tried to confiscate the treasures and jewels of Kitturu, valued at around Rs. 1.5 million, but in vain. With a force of 20,000 men and 400 guns, mainly from the third troop of Madras Native Horse Artillery, they attacked Kitturu. In the first battle on October 1824, British forces lost heavily and the Collector and political agent, St. John Thackeray, was killed by the Kitturu forces. Amatur Balappa, Chennamma’s lieutenant, was responsible for his death and the losses to the British forces. Two British officers, Sir Walter Elliot and Mr. Stevenson, were also taken as hostages. Rani Chennamma released them after a promise from the British that the war would end. But the British cheated her and re-started the war. This time, the British officer Chaplin actually continued the war with more forces. Mr. Munro, nephew of Sir Thomas Munro and sub-collector of Solapur, was killed. Rani Chennamma fought fiercely with the help of her lieutenants, Sangolli Rayanna and Gurusiddappa, but was outnumbered and ultimately captured and imprisoned at Bailhongal Fort, where she died on 21 February 1829. 

Chennamma was defeated in her last battle but she will always be remembered for her valour and for leading the first armed revolt against British rule in India. Chennamma’s first victory and her legacy are still commemorated annually in Kitturu, during the Kitturu Utsava held from October 22–24. Rani Chennamma’s is buried in Bailhongal taluk. Her samadhi is situated in a small park maintained by the Government.

On 11 September 2007, a statue of Rani Chennamma of Kitturu was unveiled at the Parliament complex in New Delhi by India’s first woman President, Smt. Pratibha Devisingh Patil. The statue was donated by the Kittur Rani Chennamma Memorial Committee and sculpted by Vijay Gaur.

******

*Dr. Nanditha Krishna is a Chennai based historian, environmentalist and author of several books. She is also a professor at CP Ramaswami Aiyar Institute of Indological Research, affiliated to the University of Madras. This write up issued by PIB under Special Service and Features but explained Views Expressed in the Article are her personal.

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Friday, December 1, 2023

International Women's Cancer Conference-2023 begins

Friday 1st December 2023 at 18:19

More than 200 doctors and 100 nurses attended


Chandigarh
: 01 December 2023: (Kartika Singh//Punjab Screen)::

International Women's Cancer Conference-2023 started with great enthusiasm and passion . The first day was very missing, the start of the conference organized by the Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research and the American Society of Clinical Oncology (ASCO), the organizing secretary, Dr. Gaurav came from Prakash's swag speech.

More than 200 doctors and 100 nurses from Chandigarh and neighboring states came to attend the conference।  There was also a lot of curiosity। Medical science is fully alert to the rapidly becoming common cancer and is also taking further steps in this direction। 

PGIMER Director Professor Vivek Lal addressed this historic conference and also praised the collaboration with ASCO।  Along with this, he was assured to use this cooperation for the best care of cancer patients।

Radiation oncologist of ASCO Prof. Onini Balogun monitored women's cancer worldwide and emphasized the importance of a multi-disciplinary cancer clinic। His thoughts on cancer were very informative। Much said was heard in the IGI Chandigarh conference on this poison becoming serious throughout the world.

Significantly, breast cancer, colorectal cancer, lung cancer, smoke released during smoking that goes within others by breath: thyroid cancer, Factors that increase the risk of thyroid cancer include: Ovarian cancer and cervical cancer are prominent in those whose risk is counted as severe। 

President of the Association of Gynecological Oncologists of India (AGOI), Dr. Rupinder Sekhon emphasized the importance and limitations of screening women for various cancers in India। Steps and new discoveries being taken in this regard were also discussed। 

Professor Vanita Suri, head and organizing chairman of the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, highlighted the importance of multi-disciplinary cancer care। His speech was very strong। He put forward a lot in this regard। 

In this conference, the renowned international faculty of ASCO, Dr. Mary McCormack and Drs. Charles Dunton also participated। Evidence-based best practices in breast cancer were discussed in various discussions। Young researchers presented their research through e-posters। 

The initial round of quizzes saw the enthusiastic participation of 14 teams representing nine medical colleges। Overall, that first day of the conference was very informative and memorable.

Thursday, November 23, 2023

Call for bold funds to end violence against women

Thursday: 23rd November 2023 at 1:34 AM

An Urgent Call by UN Women

New report showing prevention is severely underfunded  

In 2022, countries around the world spent USD 204 billion in overseas development assistance—of that sizable sum, only one-fifth of one per cent was spent on preventing gender-based violence (GBV).  

New York: 23rd November 2023: (UN Women Media//The Women Screen Desk):: 

Ahead of the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on 25 November, a report “What Counts? The state of funding for the prevention of gender-based violence against women and girls” by UN Women partners the Equality Institute and the Accelerator for GBV Prevention, working together under the Collective Commitment of the Generation Equality Action Coalition on GBV reveals a concerning reality: gender-based violence, an issue of alarming proportions, garners only 0.2% of global aid and development funding.   

The report comes as the world kicks off the 16 Days of Activism against Gender-Based Violence, from 25 November to 10 December, under the global theme set by the UN Secretary-General’s UNiTE campaign, “UNITE! Invest to prevent violence against women and girls”.  

As the world marks the halfway point to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, the urgency to end violence against women and girls has never been greater.  UN Women’s Gender Snapshot 2023 report reveals that 245 million women and girls continue to face physical and/or sexual violence from their intimate partners each year. A staggering 86 per cent of women and girls live in countries without robust legal protections against violence, or in countries where data are not available. 

Additionally, the impacts of economic crises, conflicts, and climate change have heightened the vulnerability of women and girls to violence.   

“It is time to get serious and fund what we know works to stop violence against women and girls.   Invest in reforming and implementing laws and multisectoral policies.  Provide services to survivors.  Scale up evidence-based prevention interventions. With the will and contributions of all stakeholders and sectors, we can unlock financing, track budget allocations, and increase gender-responsive budgeting. We have the solutions and resources to end violence against women and girls in our lifetimes.  It is our choice,” said UN Women Executive Director Sima Bahous at the official commemoration event for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in New York. 

A strong and autonomous feminist movement is also a crucial part of the solution. Women’s rights organizations play a pivotal role in preventing violence, advocating for policy change, and holding governments accountable. However, as per the Action Coalition on GBV’s Accountability Report, they remain severely underfunded, and significant efforts are needed to increase financial support for women’s rights organizations working in this space.  

Also, launched today, a new research brief with estimates on gender-related killings of women and girls, produced jointly by UNODC and UN Women, shows that globally, nearly 89,000 women and girls were killed intentionally in 2022, the highest yearly number recorded in the past two decades, indicating that the number of female homicides is not decreasing. Most killings of women and girls are gender motivated. In 2022, 55 per cent of the intentional killings of women (around 48,800) were committed by intimate partners or other family members. This means that, on average, more than 133 women or girls were killed every day by someone in their own family. 

16 Days of Activism  Around The World  

Through the 16 Days of Activism campaign, UN Women will be calling for increased long-term, sustainable investments from states, private sector, foundations, and other donors to women’s rights organizations working to end violence against women and girls in all their diversity. 

On November 22nd, the official commemoration event for the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women in New York will feature an opening address by the Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations and remarks by UN Women’s Executive Director, and will bring together voices of Member States, women’s civil society organizations, United Nations agencies, and Leaders and Commitment Makers of the Generation Equality Action Coalition on Gender-Based Violence. In line with this year’s theme, the event will highlight best practices of investment to prevent violence against women, gaps and challenges and the way forward.   

UN Women will be also leading a global social media campaign to speak up against gender-based violence using #NoExcuse and #16Days. 

From a film festival in Rwanda, to a dialogue for young women in Sri Lanka, and film screenings in Egypt and Morocco, dozens of events organized during the 16 Days of Activism will aim to rally action to ensure a violence-free future for women and girls, symbolized by the colour orange. 

As in previous years, iconic buildings around the world are expected to be lit in orange during the 16 Days of Activism, including the Grand Place City Hall Hôtel de Ville in Brussels, Belgium, the UN House in Dakar, Senegal, the Tbilisi TV tower in Tbilisi, Georgia, and other landmark buildings across Sweden, Pakistan and other countries

Friday, March 31, 2023

"We are ending every discrimination against women"

Posted On: 31 MAR 2023 5:20 PM by PIB Delhi

 The International Women’s Day celebrated throughout the country


New Delhi31st March 2023: (PIB//The Women Screen)::

Government has taken several steps to end all forms of discrimination against women and girls in the country through legislative framework, schematic interventions and policies/ programmes/schemes.

The International Women’s Day this year has been celebrated throughout the country with great zeal and fervor. On this occasion, several programmes, events, functions, quizzes were organized by various Central and State Government as well as other organizations. The theme of International Women’s Day 2023 is #EmbraceEquity. The Ministry of Women and Child Development does not maintain the data of expenditure incurred by various authorities on celebration International Women’s Day.

The principle of gender equality is enshrined in the Constitution of India. The Constitution of India not only provides for equality but also empowers the State to make positive discrimination in favour of women and children. The Directive Principles of the State Policy and the Fundamental Duties cast obligation on State as well as citizens to remove discrimination renounce derogatory practices and uphold the dignity of women. In line with the principles enshrined in the Constitution, the Government has taken several steps to end all forms of discrimination against women and girls in the country through legislative framework, schematic interventions and policies/ programmes/ schemes. The vibrant Indian Judiciary also plays an important role in protecting the rights and entitlements of women and girls.

Several legislations for example ‘the Protection of Civil Rights Act, 1955’, ‘the Equal Remuneration Act, 1976 (subsumed under Code on Wages, 2019)’ and ‘the Sexual Harassment of Women at Workplace (Prevention, Prohibition and Redressal) Act, 2013’, ‘the Indian Penal Code’, ‘the Criminal Law Amendments of 2013 and 2018’, ‘the Dowry Prohibition Act, 1961’, ‘the Protection of Women from Domestic Violence Act, 2005’, ‘the Prohibition of Child Marriage Act, 2006’, ‘the Muslim Women (Protection of Rights on Marriage) Act, 2019’, three Labour Codes of 2020 etc. already exist to further strengthen this framework.

Moreover, in order to ensure that the marital status of a woman does not subject her to any form of discrimination or hardship, or have a bearing on access to services, the Passport rules have been amended in favour of single mothers. Now either the mother or the father’s name can be provided in the passport application form and there is no requirement to provide the certificate of marriage/divorce during application anymore. Earlier, providing the father’s name in the PAN application forms was mandatory. The said rule has been suitably amended to the effect that in PAN application forms, mentioning the father’s name is no longer mandatory for person whose mother was a single parent and PAN has been applied by furnishing the name of the mother only.

As a measure for improving the girl child sex ratio, the Government of India launched the ‘Beti Bachao Beti Padhao Scheme’. The scheme is a convergent effort to prevent gender-biased sex selective elimination, ensure the survival and protection of the girl child, and to ensure her education, with an overall aim of increasing the child sex ratio. To assist the women in distress, the Government has is setting up of “One Stop Centers” (OSCs) across the country with the objective of facilitating access to an integrated range of services including medical aid, police assistance, legal aid/case management, psychosocial counselling, and temporary support services to women affected by violence.

Access to sanitation is a matter of dignity. To curb the problem of open defecation in India which affects the health and safety of women the most, the Government launched the Swachh Bharat Mission. Under this initiative over 11.6 crore individual household toilets have been constructed. Similarly, the schemes like Pradhan Mantri Jan Dhan Yojana, Pradhan Mantri Mudra Yojana, Stand-up India, Start-up India, Skill India, Digital India are promoting the financial and digital inclusion and economic empowerment of women. There are several other schemes implemented by various Central Ministries/ Departments for promoting social, educational, economic and political empowerment of women.

As per Census of India 2011, there are over 26.8 million persons with disabilities in India, constituting 2.21% of the population. Among these, around 11.8 million are women. The National Policy for Persons with Disabilities, 2006, endorses the need to focus special attention on the needs of differently-abled women. Recognizing the need of differently-abled mothers of additional support, the Policy envisages giving financial support to such women so that they may hire services to look after their children. The Government of India introduced the Rights of Persons with Disability Act, 2016, which implores government and local authorities to take measures to ensure that women and children with disabilities enjoy their rights equally with others.

As per Census 2011, the number of widowed women is 4,32,61,478, number of separated women is 23,72,754 & number of divorced women is 9,09,573.

This information was given by the Union Minister of Women & Child Devlopment, Smt. Smriti Zubin Irani, in a written reply in Lok Sabha today.

                   ***** SS//AKS//(Release ID: 1912576)

Wednesday, December 28, 2022

Women Groups working for women in Afghanistan

27 December 2022

Statement by UN Women Executive Director Sima Bahous is a milestone

UN Women stands in full solidarity with the women and girls of Afghanistan


Statement: The decree barring women in Afghanistan from working in non-governmental organizations is yet another stark violation of women’s rights

Statement by UN Women Executive Director Sima Bahous on the Taliban prohibition of women working with national and international non-governmental organizations.

Updated

Once again, the de facto authorities of Afghanistan have found new ways to harm the women and girls of Afghanistan. As the world remains outraged by recent decisions to ban women and girls from higher education, the decree issued on the 24th December barring women from working in national and international NGOs is yet another stark violation of women’s rights and humanitarian principles. We strongly condemn this without reservation. 

This is relentless misogyny, a virulent attack on women, their contribution, their freedom and their voice.  It is yet another repudiation of every norm and standard of women’s human rights and respect for human dignity.  

In barring women from contributing to the efforts of aid organizations, the Taliban has in effect suspended aid for half the population of Afghanistan, aid that they depended on and without which they will not survive. 11.6 million women and girls are no longer receiving vital assistance. Women-headed households, which make up almost a quarter of households in Afghanistan, have nowhere left to turn and no livelihood support. Many national and international NGOs are unable to operate without their female staff. All services for women are impacted including their access to water, sanitation, hygiene, protection, food, shelter and livelihoods. The consequences of this are further increasing the vulnerability of women and girls already at risk, as services for survivors of violence or to prevent sexual exploitation and abuse are shut down. Thousands of children and families who depended on the income that women delivering humanitarian assistance brought in, are now even more destitute.

There can be no greater catastrophe in the face of humanitarian crisis than to remove the contribution of half the population in navigating Afghanistan’s daunting challenges.

UN Women stands in full solidarity with the women and girls of Afghanistan. I stress again our complete condemnation of the continued erasure and oppression of Afghanistan’s women and girls from public life and our outrage at this latest act of cruelty.

The de facto authorities must know that their actions are undertaken under the full light and scrutiny of the international community and always will be. UN Women has stayed and delivered in Afghanistan, and we will remain. Together with our partners we will make every effort to ensure that women and girls reclaim their space in contributing to the future of Afghanistan, and that their rights are restored, protected and upheld.

Many more women organisation actively working in afghanistan for the welfare of women.women for Afghan Women (WAW) is also one of them. WAW couldn’t be more proud of our partnership with @aseelapp! 

Photos Courtesy: Women for Afghan Women


Our latest dore and more families are left without basic necessities. Our food packages are able to sustain one family for moreistribution in Kabul of 91 food packages impacted over 740 beneficiaries. With worsening economic conditions in Afghanistan, m than one month. With this kind of team work, together we can impact many lives across Afghanistan. 

Our food packages are able to sustain one family for more than one month. With this kind of team work, together we can impact many lives across Afghanistan. It is the moral duty of all women orgamisations to work for all opperessed and depressed women in the all corners of thw world. Are You ready?